more_vert

Introducing the Vanilla Installer

Vanilla OS has a whole new installer in GTK4 and libadwaita.

In the past few days, we have been working on a new installer that would make the first experience with Vanilla OS as pleasant as possible. The new installer aims to be visually faithful to GNOME guidelines and compatible with distinst, the backend used to install the system.

The new installer

The new installer is written in GTK4 and libadwaita, and it is a complete replacement of the old installer (Calamares). In the past few weeks, we have announced that Vanilla OS will be using the Jade installer from the Crystal Linux team, but after some testing and discussions we decided to write our own to best fit it with the Vanilla OS experience.

The Vanilla Installer is built on top of the Vanilla First Setup project, the utility that is used to configure the system after the installation. Both projects are written in Python and are meant to be flexible and easy to maintain.

The new installer in action

We are currently testing the new installer and will release it with the next open beta. It is however possible to test it in the current images by following the instructions at the end of the article.

The installation process is divided into seven steps:

  • Welcome
  • Language
  • Keyboard
  • Timezone
  • Partitioning
  • User
  • Installation

The Welcome screen allows the user to choose between live mode and installation mode. The live mode is used to test the system without installing it, while the installation mode is used to install the system on the device.

Welcome - Vanilla Installer

Once the user has chosen the installation mode, the Language screen is shown. In this screen, it is possible to choose the language in which Vanilla OS will be installed. Here a search bar is available to quickly find the language.

Language - Vanilla Installer

The Keyboard screen allows the user to choose the keyboard layout that will be used in the system. As for the language, a search bar is available to quickly find the keyboard layout, plus a test area to test the keyboard layout.

Keyboard - Vanilla Installer

The Timezone screen allows the user to choose the timezone in which the system will be installed. The timezone is automatically set to the one detected by the system, but it is possible to change it to another one. Once a region is selected, the zones are automatically filtered. Other than the usual search bar, a preview of the current time is available to quickly test the timezone.

Timezone - Vanilla Installer

The Partitioning screen allows the user to choose where to install the system.

Partitioning - Vanilla Installer

Once a disk is selected, it is possible to choose between automatic or manual partitioning. In automatic partitioning, the disk is automatically partitioned with the following layout:

  • 512 MB EFI partition
  • 512 MB swap partition
  • 1024 MB boot partition
  • The rest of the disk is used for the root partition (btrfs)

It is also possible to launch the GParted utility to manually partition the disk.

 Auto Partitioning - Vanilla Installer  Manual Partitioning - Vanilla Installer  Confirm Partitioning - Vanilla Installer

The User screen allows the user to set up the user account that will be created in the system. It is possible to choose the Name, Username and Password. Plus a preview of the Adwaita avatar is shown.

User - Vanilla Installer

Before starting the installation, a summary of the installation is shown, so the user can check if everything is correct before proceeding.

Installation - Vanilla Installer

Finally, the Installation screen shows the progress of the installation. Here we placed a tour of the system to show the user what to expect after the installation. It is also possible to toggle the console to see the installation logs.

Installation - Vanilla Installer

Testing the new installer

The new installer is not yet available in the open beta images, but it is possible to test it in the current images by following these steps:

  • Download the latest image
  • Boot the image
  • Open a terminal
  • Run the following commands:
apx --sys update
apx --sys install distinst vanilla-installer
sudo almost enter rw
vanilla-installer

Once the system is installed, remove the calamares package manually with:

apx --sys remove calamares

❤️ Thanks

We would like to thank all the people that joined the development of the new installer (design, development and testing), especially:

  • Muqtxdir (development and design)
  • kra-mo (illustrations) See here for the full list of contributors.

Also, we would like to thank the Crystal Linux team (mainly axtloss) for their work on the Jade installer, which was a great inspiration for the new installer.

_ The Vanilla Team